LL.B (3-Years Program)
PAPER-I ISLAMIC JURISPRUDENCE (100 MARKS)
- History of the growth of the Muslim legal system
- Sciences of Law, law and Classification of Laws
- Sources of Law
a) The Qur’an and the Traditions b) Ijma and customs
- Juristic Deduction
a) Qiy’as or Analogy b) Istehsan or Juristic Equity
c) Istedlal d) Ijtehad and Taqlid
- Acts, Rights and Obligations
- Legal Capacity
- Ownership and possession
- Family laws
- Torts and Crimes
- Procedure and Evidence
- Constitutional and Administrative Law
- The law regulating relation between Muslims and Non-Muslims.
The following books may be added to the reading list
1. The early development of Islamic Jurisprudence by Ahmad Hassan.
2. ‘A History of Islamic law’ by NJ Coulson
3. Islamic Jurisprudence by Imran Ahmad Nyazee
PAPER-II ENGLISH JURISPRUDENCE (100 MARKS)
1. The Science of Jurisprudence as subject:
c) Kinds of Jurisprudence
d) Relation of Jurisprudence with other social sciences
2. The Nature of Law and Law
3. The administration of Justices & State.
4. The Source of Law
8. Legal Rights
13. Liability, intention and Negligence
14. The Law of Property
15. The Law of obligation
16. The Law of Procedure
17. The theory of Sovereignty, Division of Law, the territory of the State.
1. ‘Jurisprudence’ by John Salmond edited by Fritz Geraid(latest edition).
2. ‘Jurisprudence’ by Hibbert (latest edition).
3. ‘Jurisprudence’ by Dennis Lloyds (Steven and sonsLtd.,London).
4. ‘Jurisprudence’ by C.W. Paton.
PAPER-III CONSTITUTIONAL LAW-I (100 MARKS)
1- The British Constitution (50 Marks)
2- The Constitution of the USA (50 Marks)
The British Constitution
a. Principles of British Constitution
1. Salient features of the British Constitution
2. Difference between constitution & constitutional Law.
- Sources and nature of the British Constitution.
- Separation of Powers, How for it is presented in British Constitution.
- The Rule of Law.
- Parliamentary Supremacy
- British Constitutional Conventions
- Royal Prerogatives (Crown)
- British Cabinet
- British Parliament
- Privileges of the Parliament
- Fundamental Rights for example Freedom of Person and Property.
- Liberty of Expression etc.
- Local Government.
- Political parties.
Constitution of United States
1. Brief History of Conventions leading to the passing of American Constitution
2. Important Characteristics/Salient Features
3. Human Rights bill – Civil Liberties
4. Ratification of the Constitution
5. Congress, its two Houses – Legislative procedure
6. Senate and effectiveness of its control
7. Separation of Powers
8. President – His election, powers and checks on him
9. I) Judiciary – its role in the development of constitution.
ii) Judiciary as Champion of Civil Liberties.
10. Rigidity – Procedure of amendments.
Note: In the US Constitution please add the topic of ‘Judicia Review’ in the course contents.
1. The English Constitutions by Begehot 2. Law of the Constitution, by Dicey
3. The Government of England by Lowell 4. The Govt. of USA by Munro
5. The American Political System by Brogen 6. The American Presidency by Lasaki
7. The Supreme Court of United States by Warren.
PAPER-IV LAW OF CONTRACT (100 MARKS)
1- Contract Act, 1872 60 Marks
2- The Sales of Goods Act, 1930 20 Marks
3- The Partnership Act, 1932 20 Marks
According to new proposal the law of Contract will now include the following:
1. The Contract Act, 1872
2. The Sale of Goods Act, 1930
3. The Partnership Act, 1932.
According to the new scheme the paper will now include the partnership Act, 1932. The distribution of marks will be as under:
1. The General Principles of Contract
2. The Contract Act, 1872 60 Marks
3. The Sale of Goods Act, 1930 20 Marks
4. The Partnership Act, 1932 20 Marks
1. Preliminary/General Principles
2. Formation of the contract
3. Communication, Acceptance and Revocation of Proposals
4. Contracts, Voidable Contracts and Void Agreements
5. Contingent Contracts
6. Performance of Contracts
7. Of certain relations resembling those created by contracts
8. The Breach of Contract and the consequences
9. Indemnity and guarantee
Sale of Goods Act 1930
1. General principles
2. Formation of the Contract of sale
3. Subject-matter of the Contract
4. Conditions and Warranties
5. Sale by Sample and Description
6. Auction Sale
7. Transfer of Property
8. Delivery and payment of Price.
10. Performance of the Contract
11. Rights of Unpaid Seller
12. Breach of the Contract.
The Partnership Act, 1932.
1. General Principles of Partnership
2. Nature and scope
3. Difference between partnerships and other associations
4. Rights and Duties of partners to one another
5. Relations of Partners to third parties
6. Incoming and outgoing Partners
7. Dissolution of firms
8. Registration of firms and its effects
9. The Partnership Act of 1932.
PAPER-V LAW OF TORTS AND EASEMENT (100 MARKS)
1- Law of Torts 80 Marks
2- Easement Act of 1882 20 Marks
Law of Torts
1. Definition of Tort
2. Difference between Tort and Crime; Tort and Breach of Contract
3. Essentials of Tort
4. Personal Disabilities
5. Discharge of Tort
6. Exceptions of Tort
7. Master and Servant
9. Measurement of Damages
10. Remoteness of Damages
11. Defamation – Essential of Libel and Slander, Defences
12. Negligence and contributory Negligence
13. Nuisance; Public Nuisance and Private nuisance
14. Malicious Prosecution
15. Fraud and Misrepresentation
16. Assault, Battery and malice 17. Wrongful imprisonment
EASEMENT ACT (V of 1882) (with commentary) as amended uptodate
1. Windfield on ‘Torts’. 2. R.K. Kapoor on ‘Law of Tort’
. Salmond on ‘Torts. 4. A.M. Chaudhry on ‘Law of torts.
5. ‘ Law of Torts; by Underhill 6. Easement Act of 1882 with commentary.
PAPER-VI CRIMINAL LAW (100 MARKS)
1- General Principles of Criminal Law 20 Marks
2- The Pakistan Penal Code, 1860 60 Marks
3- Hudood Laws of Pakistan 20 Marks
Definition of Crime, Nature and History of Crime, cause of crime, Crime and Tort, Functions of Criminal Law, Criminal Liability, Actus reus, Mensrea, intention, knowledge, Motive, Principles of participation, regligence, Reclesseness, Strict liability; General defences, Preliminary offences,sexual offences, Assault, Battery, Hurt, homicide, offences against property.The Law as contained in Pakistan Code & Hadood Ordinance
1. Smith and Haggen on English Criminal Law
2. Cross and Jones on English Criminal Law
3. Prof. C.M. Hanif on General Principles of Criminal Law
4. M.H. Nizami on Pakistan Penal code 5. Shoukat Mahmood on Pakistan Penal Code
6. Sohail Anjum on Pakistan Penal Code
7. Dr. C.M. hanif on Pakistan Penal Code/Pakistan Penal code, 1860.
The Pakistan penal Code, 1860 omitting the following chapters.
1. Chapter VII (offences relating to the Army, Navy and Air Force)
2. Chapter IX-A (Offences relating to Elections)
3. Chapter XII (Offences relating to Coins and governments stamps)
4. Chapter-XIII (Offences relating to Weights and measures)
5. Chapter-XIV (Offences affecting the public health, safety, convenience, decency and morals.
6. Chapter – XIII (Offences relating to documents and to trade or property marks)
Hudood Laws:Course contents As laid down in Hudood ordinances.
PAPER-I CONSTITUTIONAL LAW-II (100 MARKS)
1- Constitutional History of Pakistan 40 Marks
2- Constitutional of Pakistan, 1973 60 Marks
1. Constitutional History of Pakistan
Salient features of the Government of India Act, 1935.
Report of the Basic Principles Committee
Salient features of the 1956 and 1962 constitutions
Legal framework order, 1970
The Interim Constitution of 1972
The PCO of 1981.
The RCO of 1985
The Eighth Amendment
1. Maulvi Tamizuddin Khan v. Federation of Pakistan PLD 1955 Sind 96
- Reference by the Governor-General PLD 11955 FC 435
- State v. Dosso PLD 1958 SC 533
- Usif Patel v. Crown PLD 1955 FC 387
- Begum Nusrat Bhutto v. Chief of the Army Staff PLD 1977 SC 657
- Hakim Khan v. Government of Pakistan Pld 1992 SC 585
- Nawaz Sharif v. President of Pakistan PLD 1993 SC 473
- Benazir Bhutto v. The President of Pakistan PLD 1992 SC 492
- Khawaja Muhammad Sharif, PLD 1988 Lah. 725
- Federal of Pakistan v. Haji Saif ullah Khan PLD 1989 SC 166
- Khawaja Ahmad Tariq Rahim PLD 1992 SC 646
- Benazir Bhutto v. President of Pakistan, PLD 1998 SC 388.
- Asma Jilani v. Government of the Punjab PLD 1972 SC 139.
PAPER-II EQUITY (100 MARKS)
1- Principles of Equity Including Maxims of Equity 40 Marks
2- Trusts Act, 1882 20 Marks
3- The Specific Relief Act, 1877 40 Marks
History and Growth of Equity in England
Judicature Acts of 1973 and 1975
Maxims of Equity
PAPER-III COMPANY LAW (100 MARKS)
Companies Ordinance 1984 80 Marks
Negotiable Instruments Act, 1881 20 Marks.
1. Companies Ordinance, 1984. All Provisions of the companies Ordinance, 1984.
- The Negotiable Instruments Act, 1881 (All Provisions of Section I-60, 82-85-A and 122-131 of the Act)
Company Law Historical background
Kinds of companies Difference between a company and other associations
Formation of company Promoters, pre-contracts
Articles and Memorandum of Association
Capital, shares, stock, Mortgages
Audit and Accounts
Winding up, Kinds
Consequences of winding up and dissolution
(All provisions of the Section 1-60, 82-85-A and 122-131 of the Act)
PAPER-IV LAW OF TRANSFER OF PROPERTY (100 MARKS)
1– The Transfer of Property Act, 1882 40 Marks
2- The Registration Act, 1908 20 Marks
3– The Succession Act, 1925 20 Marks
4- Land Acquisition Act, 1894 20 Marks.
The Detailed provisions of all the Acts as indicated above.
1. Transfer of Property Act, (Commentary) by Shaukat Mahmood
2. Transfer of property Act, (Commentary) by Dr. C.M. Hanif
3. Transfer of Property Act, (Commentary) by I.A. Kazi
4. Other good Commentaries on Relevant Acts.
PAPER-V MUSLIM PERSONAL LAW (100 MARKS)
Breakup and Course contents
Muslim Personal Law and Law of Inheritance, in light of the Qur’anic Verses and relevant enactments such as:-
i. The Dissolution of Muslim marriages Act, 1939.
ii. The Muslim Family Laws Ordinance, 1961.
iii. West Pakistan Muslim Personal Law (Shariat)
1. Application Act, 1962 80 Marks
2. Dissolution of Marriage
- Parentage – Legitimacy and acknowledgement
- Guardianship of Person and property
- . Wills
- Inheritance-General Rules
- Hanfi Law of Inheritance 13. Shia Law of Inheritance
2- The Guardian and Wards Act 1890 20 Marks
(Section I to 51 )
1. Outlines of Mohammadan Law by A.A. Fyzee
- Islamic law Theory and Practice by Aziz Ahmad
- Islamic Law by D.F. Mulla.
- Studies in Muslim Law, by N.U.A. Siddiqui
- Islamic law, by Syed Amir Ali 6. Islamic Law, by hamid Ullah
PAPER-VI PUBLIC INTERNATIONA LAW (100 MARKS)
1. Nature, origin and Basis of International Law
2. Material Sources of International Law
- Subjects of International Law
- Relation between International and State law
- States in General 6. Recognition
- State Territorial Sovereignty 8. State Jurisdiction
9. State Responsibility 10. Succession to Rights and obligations
- The State and the Individual 12. The State and the economic interest
13. Diplomatic Envoys, Councils and other Representatives
14. The Law and Practice as to Treaties 15. The International Disputes
16. War, Armed Conflicts and other Hostilities 17. Neutrality
18. International Humanitarian Law 19. International Institutions
1. Principles of Public International Law by Brownie, 1.
2. International Law by Oppenheiun, Vol.I & II Edited by H.Lauter Pacht.
3. Introduction to International Law by J.G. Starke
4. Law of Nations Brierly, J.L.
5. International Law by Schwazanbinger
6. International Law by Tandojam M.P.
7. The Conflict of Laws by R.H. Graveson
8. Private International law by Cheshire and North
9. Conflict of laws by Dicey & Morris.
10. Conflict of Laws, by Moors, J.H.G.
11. Private International Law by Chaudhry A.M.Please include ‘International Humanitarian Law –a compilation of selected texts’ by ICRCPakistan.
PAPER-VII SPECIAL AND LOCAL LAWS ( 100 Marks)
1. Land Revenue 60 Marks
2. Pre-Emption Laws 20 Marks
3. Tenancy Laws 20 Marks
All Provisions given in the relevant Acts.
Note: Law Colleges in Punjab, Sindh, NWFP and Baluchistan may include
Land Revenue Acts, pre-Emption Act (if any) and Tenancy Act of their respective provinces